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190 visa is points based and allows skilled workers nominated by an Australian state or territory government to live and work as a permanent Australian resident.


  • have a relevant occupation on the 190 visa occupation list
  • have a suitable skills assessment for the occupation
  • meet the points test pass mark of 65 points (as of 1 July 2018)
  • be nominated by a state or territory government agency
  • Lodge an EOI and be invited to apply
  • Be aged between 18 and 44 inclusive
  • have Competent English
  • Meet health and character requirements
The process of a State or Territory Government Nomination

Every State and Territory Government has its own list of occupations in demand in their area, which may possess specific requirements in relation to an applicants’ work experience, English language ability or specialised skills.

Submit an expression of interest (EOI) via SkillSelect with details of your nominated occupation, skills and qualifications. Once a points score has been estimated, all applicants receiving a score high enough, will then have their EOI reviewed by Australian state and territory government agencies to decide if they want to nominate you.

Once nominated by a state or territory agency, you will be invited to apply for the visa. If you are invited, you have 60 calendar days to apply for the visa. Your visa application will then be processed.

Points score

You must be able to meet the points score on your invitation letter. This score will be 65 points (as of 1 July 2018) or more.

The score on your invitation letter is based on the information in your EOI.

You must be able to meet the points score eligibility at the time you are invited to apply for the visa.

Check how many points you might get.

Points test

Use the points table to calculate your test score

  • English language ability
  • Skilled employment
  • Qualifications
  • Australian study requirement
  • Specialist education requirement
  • Other factors
Can I Apply in Australia or Overseas?

You can be in or outside Australia when you submit your EOI and when you apply for a Subclass 189 Skilled Independent Visa. To be eligible to lodge from within Australia, you need to hold a substantive visa or a Bridging A, B or C visa. Once having applied from within Australia, all applicants will receive a bridging visa, which allows you to remain in Australia while your visa application is being processed. If your current visa is refused or cancelled, you may not be eligible to apply for the 189 visa while in Australia.